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මුල් පිටුව | බොදු පුවත් | කතුවැකිය | බෞද්ධ දර්ශනය | විශේෂාංග | වෙහෙර විහාර | ඉංග්‍රිසි ලිපි | පෙර කලාප | දායකත්ව මුදල් |

 

Spiritual training discoursed by the Buddha

Rohan L. Jayatilleke

Once, Ganaka Mogallana, the famous mathematician of the time of the Buddha asked the Buddha Venerable Sir, in respect of various professions there is always a system of training and a way to practice.

Is it possible to lay down a similar training and practice in respect of spiritual and moral discipline.

Methods

In response to this logical question, the Buddha said it is possible, learned devotee, to lay down rules and regulations in respect of spiritual life. Just as a skilled trainer who trains horses as having accepted a person to be spiritually trained he disciplines himself through a gradual method of training.

Moral Conduct

First, the trainee, is told to be of moral habit through a process of moral purification; live a self restrained life by voluntarily undertaking to practise moral precepts (sila); be endowed with right behaviour and steadfastly adhere to your frame-work of morality, see danger in any compromise and defilement (kelesa) of your undertaking; and take pleasure in training yourself in rules of moral conduct.

Senze Cintrol

As this disciple continues to train himself in this manner, the Tatagatha disciplines him further, directing him saying, Come guard your sense-faculties; be the master of your senses. When you see something with the eye, do not get attracted to it by its appearance, but treat it with self control.

In case you do not control your senses, then sensual desires, frustrations and other evil thoughts will creep into the mind.

So continue living by controlling and guarding your senses the eye, the ear, the nose, the tongue, the body and the mind.

Moderation in eating

When controlling the sense faculties including the mind, he is told, to eat moderately. The purpose of eating is not to have fun to indulge or even to be physically attractive or beautiful, but to maintain the body, so that it will help to light up the spiritual life and enable one to live, comfortably.

Heedfulness

The Blessed One further said, now live intent on heedfulness, cultivate mindfulness and clear understanding. Turn every action, physical, verbal and mental, into meditational exercise enabling you to remain mindful, alert by aware, watching over the body, the feeling, the mind and all mental states and thus cleanse the mind of obstructive mental defilements.

Overcoming Obstacles

As soon as the disciple is able to remain mindful and to apply clear understanding in all situations, whether walking or sitting, standing or lying, or doing any work, throughout the waking hours, he is further trained through meditation to gain full control over the mind. The Tatagatha encourages the disciple further saying: Come now, disciple, train your mind to overcome all thoughts which render the mind uncontrolled. Get rid of the evil thoughts of desire (kelesa) and ill-will (dosa). Be generous, benevolent and compassionate (metta, karuna, muditha and upekkha). Abandon laziness and remain energetic (wiriya) and dwell in inward tranquillity, be calm (sila, samadhi and panna).

Get rid of doubt and perplexity and dwell with a mind filled with faith and conviction. When the disciple is thus enabled to be controlled in mind, he is then advised to meditate.

Even a upasaka and upasika could follow the instructions given above by the Buddha, while engaged in their daily activities. The Dhammapada Verse 43, says, Na tam mata pitakariya, Anne vapi ca nataka, Sammapanohitma cittam, Seyyaso nam tate kare (Neither mother, father, nor any other relative can do one greater good than ones own well-directed mind). On another occasion as recorded in Anguttara Nikaya (1.4) the Buddha, addressing the bhikkhus:

Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely harmful as the untamed mind. Indeed, an untamed mind confuses to great harm. Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely harmful as the unguarded mind.

Indeed, an unguarded mind leads to great harm. Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely beneficial as the guarded mind. Indeed, a guarded mind leads to great benefit. Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely harmful as the unprotected mind. Indeed, an unprotected mind leads to great harm. Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely beneficial as the protected mind.

Indeed, a protected mind leads to great benefit. Bhikkhus, I do not see anything so completely beneficial as the tamed, guarded, protected and controlled mind leads to great benefit.

In fact even, terrorism that is causing trouble world over is a creation of the mind of one leader and the rest follow. The Buddha discoursed the Dhamma discovered by his intuitive mind, in the 6th century BC, in India, when the society was four-tiered, namely, Kshtriya, rulers and worriers, Brahamans, priestly class, Vaidhya-setts, the merchant class and Sudras, the menial labourers which could be easily identified as racism. This caste hierarchy still exists in India and there is a section in the Indian Constitution as regards tribes and scheduled castes.

බක් පුර අටවක පෝය

    අප්‍රේල් 12 වැනිදා සෙනසුරාදා පූර්ව භාග 12.47 ට ලබයි.
13 වැනිදා ඉරිදා පූර්ව භාග 11.25 දක්වා පෝය පවතී.
සිල් සමාදන්වීම අප්‍රේල් 12 වැනිදා සෙනසුරාදා ය.

මී ළඟ පෝය අප්‍රේල් 19 වැනිදා සෙනසුරාදා ය


පොහෝ දින දර්ශනය

First Quarterපුර අටවක

අප්‍රේල් 12

Full Moonපසෙලාස්වක

අප්‍රේල් 19

Second Quarterඅව අටවක

අප්‍රේල් 28

New Moonඅමාවක

මැයි 05

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